By Michel Foucault
In France, a rustic that awards its intellectuals the prestige different nations provide their rock stars, Michel Foucault was once a part of a glittering new release of thinkers, one that additionally integrated Sartre, de Beauvoir and Deleuze. one of many nice highbrow heroes of the 20 th century, Foucault used to be a guy whose ardour and cause have been on the provider of approximately each innovative reason behind his time. From legislations and order, to psychological health and wellbeing, to strength and information, he spearheaded public wisdom of the dynamics that carry us all in thrall to some strong ideologies and pursuits. Arguably his best paintings, Archaeology of Knowledge is a hard yet beautifully worthwhile advent to his rules.
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Extra resources for Archaeology of Knowledge (Routledge Classics)
It is not that the Physiocratic option can modify the group of rules that govern the formation of economic concepts in the eighteenth century; but it can implement some of these rules and exclude others and consequently reveal certain concepts (like that, for example, of the net product) that appear nowhere else. It is not the theoretical choice that governs the formation of the concept; but the choice has produced the concept by the mediation of specific rules for the formation of concepts, and by the set of relations that it holds with this level.
For example, one does not consider, in an analysis of this kind, that the Analysis of Wealth, in the eighteenth century, was the result (by way of simultaneous composition or chronological succession) of several different conceptions of coinage, of the exchange of objects of need, of the formation of value and prices, or of ground rent; one does not consider that it is made up of the ideas of Cantillon, taking up from those of Petty, of Law's experience reflected by various theoreticians in turn, and of the Physiocratic system opposing Utilitarist conceptions.
THE FORMATION OF STRATEGIES Such discourses as economics, medicine, grammar, the science of liv-ing beings give rise to certain organizations of concepts, certain regroupings of objects, certain types of enunciation, which form, according to their degree of coherence, rigour, and stability, themes or theories: the theme, in eighteenth-century grammar, of an original language (longue) from which all others derive, and of which all others carry within themselves a sometimes decipherable memory; a theory, in nineteenth-century philology, of a kinship between all the Indo-European languages, and of an archaic idiom that served as a common starting-point; a theme, in the eighteenth century, of an evolution of the species deploying in time the continuity of nature, and explaining the present gaps in the taxonomic table; a theory, propounded by the Physiocrats, of a circulation of wealth on the basis of agricultural production.
Archaeology of Knowledge (Routledge Classics) by Michel Foucault