By Daniel E Harmon
The North African nation of Algeria turned self sustaining in 1962 after a brutal eight-year-long battle opposed to France. In 1991 a emerging Islamist flow within the nation resulted in a civil battle that lasted for greater than a decade. this present day the struggling with is over and Algerians try to place the tragedies of the previous at the back of them and rebuild their nation.
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Additional info for Algeria (Africa: Continent in the Balance)
The president also appoints the president of the State Council, the magistrates, the governor of the Central Bank, and provincial governors. The president has the right to decree laws in a state of emergency or state of war. The current president of Algeria is Abdelaziz Bouteflika. He was elected in 1999, having been the preferred candidate of the Algerian military. He was also the only candidate, as complaints about fraud caused all other candidates to withdraw from the election in protest. While Bouteflika’s first election was Government and Foreign Relations 35 under dubious circumstances, his reelection in 2004 was hailed as a model for the democratic process.
Farms were seized from those who owned them and changed into collective farms. Collective farms were larger than individual farms and could therefore be worked using modern tractors instead of horses and plows. The goal was to increase food production and thereby raise the economic prospects of the entire country. Originally, socialism seemed necessary for the new Algeria. After French businesspeople and public officials departed the country, factories were left deserted and unemployment soared.
Its history of more than 2,000 years is preserved in its architecture. Elements of Roman, Islamic, 19th-century French, and modern designs are plainly seen. Tamanrasset South of the Tell zone, most of the few inhabitants live around oases. The only sizeable town is Tamanrasset, located in the Ahaggar Highlands of the southeast, near Mount Tahat. To the south is the Sahara Desert. Tamanrasset is the chief city of the Tuareg. 65 A Calendar of Algerian Festivals As in other Middle Eastern and African societies, most of the celebrations in Algeria are related to religious, family, or tribal events.
Algeria (Africa: Continent in the Balance) by Daniel E Harmon