By Keith W. Waldron
Biorefineries are an important expertise in changing biomass into biofuels or different helpful fabrics. Advances in Biorefineries provides a entire evaluate of biorefining processing suggestions and applied sciences, and the biofuels and different fabrics produced.
Part one makes a speciality of equipment of optimizing the biorefining approach and assessing its environmental and monetary influence. It additionally appears at present and constructing applied sciences for generating value-added fabrics. half is going directly to discover those fabrics with a spotlight on biofuels and different value-added items. It considers the homes, obstacles, and functional purposes of those items and the way they are often used to fulfill the expanding call for for renewable and sustainable fuels in its place to fossil fuels.
Advances in Biorefineries is a crucial reference for biorefinery/process engineers, commercial biochemists/chemists, biomass/waste scientists and researchers and lecturers within the field.
- A entire and systematic reference at the complicated biomass restoration and conversion tactics utilized in biorefineries
- Reviews advancements in biorefining processes
- Discusses the wide variety of value-added items from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives
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Extra info for Advances in Biorefineries. Biomass and Waste Supply Chain Exploitation
Enzymes) to carry out targeted chemical or physical transformations. A bioprocess can be used as part of the conversion process in a biorefinery along with other low environmental impact technologies such as microwave chemistry or aqueous phase catalysis processing. This illustrates how important it is to interconnect different disciplines such as chemistry, chemical engineering, biotechnology and biology together with techno-economic and sustainability assessment, as they are crucial for the development of a successful fully integrated biorefinery.
Handbook of Green Chemistry and Technology. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. Clark, J. , Deswarte, F. E. , Hardy, J. J. , Kerton, F. , Hunt, A. , Macquarrie, D. , Tavener, S. , White, R. J. and Wilson, A. J. 2006. Green chemistry and the biorefinery: a partnership for a sustainable future. Green Chemistry, 8, 853–860. Clark, J. , Deswarte, F. E. I. and Farmer, T. J. 2009. The integration of green chemistry into future biorefineries. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 3, 72–90. Clynes, J.
The use of clean technology is another imperative for the biorefinery, ensuring its output(s) are truly sustainable. The IEA Bioenergy Task 42 defines biorefining as ‘the sustainable processing of biomass into a spectrum of bio-based products (food, feed, chemicals and/or materials) and bioenergy (biofuels, power and/or heat)’ (IEA, 2009). Various biorefinery designs of varying size and output number will emerge commercially in the future (Cherubini, 2010), taking advantage of flexible technology, helping the concept of a biorefinery to process locally available biomass to its fullest in an integrated fuelchemical-material-power cycle, improving cost-efficiency, the quality of life of the local population and lowering the environmental impact governed by the three dimensions of sustainability (environmental protection, social progress and economic development; see Fig.
Advances in Biorefineries. Biomass and Waste Supply Chain Exploitation by Keith W. Waldron