By Bronwen Everill (auth.)
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Extra info for Abolition and Empire in Sierra Leone and Liberia
Jason Bonard, also a Maroon, had been a shop boy to Gabbidon before becoming a submanager of the Liberated African Department. Acting Governor Fraser noted that he had left the department after being offered a higher salary in the private sector. James Wise, a Nova Scotian, was a trader, a dissenting preacher, and a Lieutenant in the Sierra Leone militia. He had also served as Colonial Printer, Sheriff and Justice of the Peace. 36 Educated settlers became writers, managers, and other officials, with the number of Liberated Africans in these roles increasing throughout the 1830s and establishing themselves as the Sierra Leonean elite as they began to outnumber the original Nova Scotian and Maroon settlers.
He also drew parallels between some of the Igbo gods and Christian theology, hoping to draw out lessons for the anti-slavery campaign. 28 Together they negotiated a hybrid religion, bringing together their traditional culture with the social, religious, and ideological Christian values instilled at Sierra Leone. In contrast to the Liberians, discussed in Chapter 3, the relationship between Sierra Leoneans and the Africans in their region was less An African Middle Class 41 fraught. In dealing with the British government in the colony and in London, the colonists played on their common Christian traditions; in dealing with their African neighbours, they both embraced their ‘civilized’ Christian educations and attempted to reach out to people from their own indigenous backgrounds.
Liberia’s expansion during Ashmun’s tenure as governor – an expansion based on commercial necessity, anti-slavery ideology, and Christian values – would carry on after the governor’s death in 1828. Over the course of the 1820s and early 1830s, the settlers were able to establish a growing population, in spite of frequent wars and disease, an unstable government (there were six governors between 1828 and 1833), and most of all, in spite of increasing resistance amongst the African American population at home.
Abolition and Empire in Sierra Leone and Liberia by Bronwen Everill (auth.)